Some of those who wrote in Pashto are Bayazid Pir Roshan (a major inventor of the Pashto alphabet), Khushal Khan Khattak, Rahman Baba, Nazo Tokhi, and Ahmad Shah Durrani, founder of the modern state of Afghanistan or the Durrani Empire.In modern times, noticing the incursion of Persian and Arabic vocabulary, there is a strong desire to "purify" Pashto by restoring its old vocabulary.Modern Pashto-speaking communities are found in the cities of Karachi and Hyderabad in Sindh.Urdu and English are the two official languages of Pakistan.
There is also an inflection for the subjunctive mood.
was more widely used in government institutions while the Pashtun tribes spoke Pashto as their native tongue.
King Amanullah Khan began promoting Pashto during his reign (1926-1929) as a marker of ethnic identity and as a symbol of "official nationalism" leading Afghanistan to independence after the defeat of the British Empire in the Third Anglo-Afghan War in 1919.
Pashto-speakers have long had a tradition of oral literature, including proverbs, stories, and poems.
Written Pashto literature saw a rise in development in the 17th century mostly due to poets like Khushal Khan Khattak (1613–1689), who, along with Rahman Baba (1650–1715), is widely regarded as among the greatest Pashto poets.